Iodine is essential for children’s growth. A diet high in iodine can help protect your child from health problems. Iodine, particularly for healthy thyroids, is essential for a baby’s development. The hormones produced by the thyroid gland regulate metabolism, growth, temperature, blood cell formation, and hormones needed for nerve and muscle function. Every year, World Iodine Deficiency Day (21 October) is observed to raise awareness about the dangers of iodine deficiency. Goiter can be caused by an overgrowth of the thyroid gland in children who have iodine deficiencies. Goitre disease could lead to future health problems such as low hormone production and difficulty breathing. Insufficient iodine can also cause other problems. Dr. Ramani Ranjan is a Consultant Pediatrician and Neonatologist at Motherhood Hospital. She explains the causes, problems, and solutions to iodine deficiencies in children.
The baby’s mother is the only source of iodine after it is born. The mother’s iodine intake can have an impact on the child’s health. Hypothyroidism can be caused by iodine deficiency in children. This is the main reason for weight gain, hair fall, dry skin, cold, depression, and low brain levels. Deficiency can also cause poor growth, underdevelopment, and other problems.
Low intake of environmental iodine
It is important that newborns are nourished with enough iodine starting in their first days. Breastfeeding mothers and babies should avoid excessive iodine exposure during pregnancy. The appropriate amount of iodine depends on the child’s age.
What is the right quantity?
A pregnant woman requires between 248 and 250 micrograms of Iodine per day. Every gram of iodized sodium contains between 15 and 12.2 micrograms of Iodine. A study found that 24.5-25% of Indians still suffer from iodine deficiencies. Look out for the sign of laughter in any product you buy. It is the symbol for iodine.
Problems in older children
Too many problems can occur in older children due to a lack of thyroid. It is possible to be treated with medicines and other treatments. It is possible to fix it. Sometimes, children need to take long-term medicines. The child will soon be able to live a normal life with no need for medicines.
Use of iodized sea salt
Iodine deficiency can also be a serious problem for public health that must be addressed. Supplemental sources of dietary Iodine include seafood, dairy products, and vegetables like onions and sweet potatoes. Iodized salt is a good option to prevent hypothyroidism and iodine deficiencies in infants, children, and women.